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How to Insert Matrix in Word: GUI Method and Equation Editor Shortcut for Matrix

How to insert matrix in Word

There are two ways to insert matrix in Microsoft Word. First method is by using Graphical User Interface (GUI) of Microsoft Word and the second is by using equation editor shortcut.

GUI: User Friendly Method

This method is user friendly. Steps to insert matrix are as follows.

  • Get equation editor, From Insert Tab, click on Equations
  • To insert enclosing brackets for matrix, click on equation editor and navigate to Design Tab, and click on Bracket icon and select desired brackets from the drop-down
  • Then click on the empty box between then brackets, and from the Design Tab, click on the Matrix icon and select the matrix as per required dimension.
  • Fill in the elements of the matrix as desired. You can also use arrow keys to navigate cells of the matrix.
Insert Matrix in Word using Graphical User Interface
Insert Matrix in Word using Graphical User Interface

Math Autocorrect Shortcut: The Fastest Method

Though, GUI method is user friendly, it’s not efficient. When you need to type Matrix regularly, to save time and effort, the Math Autocorrect shortcut for Equation Editor should be the preferred method.

This method also requires equation editor. You can get it by navigating to Insert Tab and clicking on Equation or use Alt+= (shortcut for equation editor). Using Equation Editor shortcut (\matrix, \pmatrix and \Vmatrix), you can get empty matrix (that can be filled later) inside a variety of brackets or a matrix with elements.

Note that all the shortcut describe only works inside equation editor.

Empty matrix inside different brackets

Equation editor shortcut allows creating an empty matrix of any desired dimension.

  • Matrix dimension is denoted by number of @ and & symbols which resemble numbers of rows and columns of matrix, for example \matrix(@@&)<sp> and \matrix(@&&)<sp> creates an empty matrix of size 3*2 and 2*3, respectively.
  • Order of @ and & are not important i.e. \matrix(@@&) and \matrix(&@@) produces same results.
  • Number of rows of empty matrix is equal to number of @ + 1 . Similarly, number of columns of empty matrix is equal to number of & + 1 (single & creates a matrix with 2 columns).
Sr. No/DescriptionEquation Editor ShortcutOutput
1Empty Matrix
no. of @ = number of rows – 1, and
no. of & = number of columns – 1.
in shortcut stands for space
2Empty Matrix inside parenthesis.
\pmatrix(@@&&&)<sp> or (\matrix(@@&&&))<sp>
3Empty Matrix inside square brackets[\matrix(@@&&&)]<sp>
4Empty Matrix inside vertical bar(||)|\matrix(@@&&&)|<sp>
5Empty Matrix inside two vertical bars\Vmatrix(@@&&&)<sp>
Ms Word Equation Editor shortcut for Empty Matrices

Equation editor shortcut for filled matrix

With all the above shortcut, we can also specify matrix elements inside equation editor shortcut. Salient points to note while writing elements are:

  • We fill elements one row at a time, starting from the topmost row.
  • Use & to go to the next column
  • After filling all the columns of current row, use @ to get into the next row
Sr. No.DescriptionEquation Editor ShortcutOutput
1Filled Matrix inside square brackets[\matrix(1&2&3@4&5&6@7&8&9)]
2Filled Matrix inside parenthesis brackets\pmatrix(1&2@3&4@5&6)
Ms Word Equation Editor shortcut for filled Matrices


GUI method for getting matrix is easy & user friendly, but Math Autocorrect shortcut can save much of your time and effort. Math Autocorrect method allows you to create an empty matrix (using \matrix()) and matrix with elements (using \matrix(1&2@3&4) of any dimension.

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